AGENDA ITEM: Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Disarmamentand International Security Committee is one of six main committees at the General Assembly of the United Nations. The main focus is on disarmament and international security issues. Also known as DISEC or C1, all 193 countries that are members of the UN can attend. It is the only General Committee of the General Assembly with the authority to make verbal records. Disarmament Commission (UNDC) and the Conference on Disarmament (CD) are two bodies reporting to the First Committee. DISEC continues to work actively under the leadership of Sacha Llorenty which is defined, Chairperson.

Nuclear proliferation is the propagation of nuclear weapons, fissionable material, and nuclear technology applied to weapons, and the spread of information to nations not recognized as “Nuclear Weapon States” by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Four countries besides the five recognized Nuclear Weapons States have acquired, or are presumed to have acquired, nuclear weapons: India, Pakistan, North Korea, and Israel. None of these four is a party to the NPT, although North Korea acceded to the NPT in 1985, then withdrew in 2003 and conducted announced nuclear tests in 2006, 2009, 2013, 2016, and 2017. One critique of the NPT is that the treaty is discriminatory in the sense that only those countries that tested nuclear weapons before 1968 are recognized as nuclear-weapon states while all other states are treated as non-nuclear-weapon states who can only join the treaty if they forswear nuclear weapons