Chapter III, Article 8 of United Nations Charter asserts an obscure provision for equality between men and women. Thereupon this article, in 1972 the United Nations General Assembly passed the Resolution 3010 which was adopted to make 1975 International Women’s Year. The Resolution 31/136 adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1975, extended the scope of the decision and declared the years of 1976-1985 as ‘the Decade of Women.
The Commission on the Status of Women was established by the Economic and Social Council in 1946. The Commission has organized four World Conferences on Women in 1975, 1980, 1985, and 1995. The Fourth World Conference on Women marked strategic targets and actions to progress for gender equality in critical areas of concern. After the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, periodic Five-Year Reviews followed it. The Commission adopts multi-year work programs to appraise progress and make further recommendations to accelerate the implementation of the Platform for Action.
The platform is aware that many women face barriers in numerous areas due to their culture, age, race, ethnicity, religion and doubtlessly their gender. The main aim of the Commission is securing the equality between sexes in theory and practice with political, legal, and social agreements.
The Commission tried to accept the understanding of equality between men and women is not just a women issue; in fact, it is a serious matter of human rights challenge. As a result of continuous struggles of women’s rights movement, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women adopted in 1979 by the United Nations General Assembly. The Convention provides the basis for realizing equality between the two genders in the fields of ensuring women’s equal access, and equal opportunities to political and public life which is unofficially referred to as women’s constitution.
Under Secretary General: Simay İldeniz
Academic Assistant: Merve Nur Kurt